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Policy and institutional changes in Viet Nam are responding to the need to modernize river basin management

The lower part of the Dong Nai River supplies water to Ho Chi Minh City and Dong Nai and Binh Duong provinces and feeds a hydropower plant in the Tri An reservoir, but has been polluted by wastewater runoff from agriculture, aquaculture, industry and built-up areas (Ha et al. 2008).

 

To overcome pollution, a payment for ecosystem services project was launched in 2008 with the Danish International Development Agency (Danida) and WWF (Anon 2008). This was later named the Dong Nai River Basin Project and supported by IUCN, Winrock International and United States Agency for International Development along with the Vietnamese government, local communities and the private sector. The project piloted fees for clean water for hydropower plants, government water companies and ecotourism operators. The collected revenue is shared between government agencies, management boards of protected areas and state forest enterprises, and households and communities holding contracts with the government and state enterprises for protecting the watershed.

 

This is an excerpt of a case study from WaterWealth, a publication on basin management across Asia and the Pacific. WaterWealth is available for download on the

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