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The Kuyucuk Lake is one of most important wetlands of Kars with the status of "Key Biodiversity Area (KBA)" and "Important Bird Area (IBA)". It is a globally Important Bird Area (IBA) located at 37kms northeast of city center, and, 15 kms west of Akyaka town. Kuyucuk Lake (43o27' N 40o45' E) over 219 hectares, has an elevation of 1.627 meters. Kuyucuk Village is one km away from the lake. The lake, situated on the Kars-Akyaka high plateau, in the centre of an open, undulating landscape is fed with stream and spring waters (max depth 13 meters) which is diverted for livestock. Human activities around the lake include cereal production and stock-grazing. Surrounded by treeless steppe and a few Phragmites reed patches, the surrounding vegetation is mostly removed by sheep and cattle. Wheat is grown around and it is possible that some agricultural runoff occurs, but our chemical analyses showed the water to be mostly clean and an ideal candidate for restoration unusual in Turkey. Sean Anderson, Phd. from California State University, conducted chemical analyses at the lake in Spring 2006 and 2007. Irrigation for sugar beet plantation in the past drained the lake for a period. Although plantation of sugar beet has ended, about half of lake's water and some of its species were lost. The Kars-Akyaka road bisects the north end of the lake. The legal status of the lake is Wildlife Reserve.
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