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Rivers Network

Sit by a river. Find peace and meaning in the rhythm of the lifeblood of the Earth. (Anonymous)

SOURCES AND REFERENCES

WETLANDS AND PROTECTED AREAS

Source RAMSAR sites :https://rsis.ramsar.org

Source "Protected Areas" :World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), a join project of IUCN and UNEP - March 2018

Source "Natura 2000 (European Union)" :Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of sites designated under the Birds Directive (Special Protection Areas, SPAs) and the Habitats Directive (Sites of Community Importance, SCIs, and Special Areas of Conservation, SACs)

DAMS AND RESERVOIRS

Source "Lakes and Reservoirs" : WWF: Global Lakes and Wetlands Database. Lehner, B. and Döll, P. (2004): Development and validation of a global database of lakes, reservoirs and wetlands. Journal of Hydrology 296/1-4: 1-22.

Source Dams Data Base - GRanDv1 : Lehner, B., C. Reidy Liermann, C. Revenga, C. Vorosmarty, B. Fekete, P. Crouzet, P. Doll, M. Endejan, K. Frenken, J. Magome, C. Nilsson, J.C. Robertson, R. Rodel, N. Sindorf, and D. Wisser. 2011. Global Reservoir and Dam Database, Version 1 (GRanDv1): Dams, Revision 01. Palisades, NY: NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). SEDAC

Source Dams Data Base WLE (June 2017), Dataset on the Dams of the Irrawaddy, Mekong, Red and Salween River Basins. Vientiane, Lao PDR: CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems - Greater Mekong

POPULATION AND DEMOGRAPHY

Source Population Data Base: Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University. 2017. Gridded Population of the World, Version 4 (GPWv4): Population Count, Revision 10. Palisades, NY: NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) Accessed 23 Feb 2018. These data were treated afterwards by Rivers Network to fit with river basin limits and formated for web maps purposes. The density ranking is based on the DN values from SEDAC data base.

CLIMATOLOGY

Source Rainfall :WorldClim Version 2 - Mean average rainfall (mm) -period 1970-2000 resolution 5 minutes (approx 100 km2)

WATER-RELATED-RISKS

Gassert, F., M. Landis, M. Luck, P. Reig, and T. Shiao. 2014. “Aqueduct Global Maps 2.1 Data.” Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Available online at :Aqueduct Global Maps 2.1 Data

Baseline Water Stress :  Baseline water stress measures total annual water withdrawals (municipal, industrial, and agricultural) expressed as a percentage of the total annual available blue water. Higher values indicate more competition among users. Sources: WRI Aqueduct; FAO AQUASTAT; NASA GLDAS-2; Shiklomanov and Rodda; Flörke et al.; Matsutomi et al.

Flood Occurrence : Flood occurrence is the number of floods recorded from 1985 to 2011. Source: Brakenridge, Dartmouth Flood Observatory

Groundwater Stress : Groundwater stress measures the ratio of groundwater withdrawal relative to recharge rate; values above one indicate where unsustainable groundwater consumption could affect groundwater availability and groundwater-dependent ecosystems. <br><br>Source: Gleeson, Wada, Bierkens, and van Beek

Upstream Protected Land : Upstream protected land measures the percentage of total water supply that originates from protected ecosystems. Higher ratios indicate higher amounts of runoff originating from upstream areas that are protected under conservation easements. Modified land use can affect the health of freshwater ecosystems and have severe downstream impacts on both water quality and quantity. Sources: WRI Aqueduct; NASA GLDAS-2; IUCN, UNEP

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